What you need to know about Lankaran

Lankaran is a city in Azerbaijan, on the coast of the Caspian Sea, near the southern border with Iran. It has a population of 51,300. It is next to but independent of Lankaran rayon. The city forms a distinct first-order division of Azerbaijan.

Population: 51 300 (2014)
Area: 160 km²


The Azerbaijani New Manat is the currency of Azerbaijan. Our currency rankings show that the most popular Azerbaijan New Manat exchange rate is the TRY to AZN rate. The currency code for New Manats is AZN, and the currency symbol is ман. Below, you’ll find Azerbaijani New Manat rates and a currency converter.


Lankaran has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa), which borderlines the Mediterranean climate. Lankaran has cool, wet winters and very warm, dry/highly humid summers. The maximum annual precipitation of 1,600 to 1,800 mm, and is the highest precipitation in Azerbaijan.

Language: Azerbaijani

Dominating spheres in the economy of Lankaran are vegetable-growing, tea-growing, paddy cultivating, cattle-breeding, citrus plants, beekeeping, fishing, and grain farming.[10] Favourable humid subtropical climate, availability of good arable land, water and sufficient labour resources of city provides a good basis for agricultural activities as well as development of agro-processing enterprises. The city is also home of Azerbaijan’s first tea plant, built in 1937.

The religion with the largest community of followers is Islam. The majority of the Muslims are Shia Muslims, and the Republic of Azerbaijan has the second highest Shia population percentage in the world after Iran.[12] The city’s notable mosques include Kichik Bazar Mosque and Boyuk Bazar Mosque.

Lankaran’s cuisine has largely been affected by its multicultural history, hence the large variety of food originating during Talysh Khanate. Lankaran’s signature cuisine includes lavangi, Lankaran kulcha, marji plov, white plov, pumpkin plov and turshu kebab.

The following universities are located in Lankaran:
Lankaran State University – Founded in 1991, Lankaran State University is Lankaran’s first university to start courses.

Taxis are quite convenient if you know where you want to go within the city. Addresses are quite useless, so it would be better to get a landmark that you know of and direct the taxi driver there. It costs 1 manat per ride in a taxi.

Emergency Contact Numbers:

  • Fire: 0171-101
  • Police: 0171-102
  • Ambulance: 0171-103
  • City hospital: 0171-479-32

You must speak in Azeri, Russian, or Turkish to communicate your needs. It would be a good idea to memorize key phrases before coming to Azerbaijan.
Pack a flashlight (especially in fall-spring) as the streets are not always well lit and power cuts are common.